Research & Development

MERI follows the internationally established definition of R&D and methods for data collection, as detailed in the Frascati Manual (Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development OECD, 2015).

Definition of R&D:

"Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge – including knowledge of humankind, culture and society – and to devise new applications of available knowledge."

To qualify as R&D, the following elements need to be present in the working process: novelty, creativity, uncertainty, being systematic,and being transferable and/or reproducible.

Furthermore, the term 'R&D' covers three types of activity: basic research, applied research and experimental development.

MERI collects longitudinal data concerning research personnel and research expenditure in Belgium, categorised in four different sectors: the business enterprise sector (BES), the government sector (GOV), the higher education sector (HES) and the private non profit sector (PNP).

This overview allows the user to select a group of related R&D indicators. Each link offers the possibility to make additional selections within the chosen domain.

To obtain an overview of all the data in a single document (.xlsx file), you can download:

R&D expenditure

R&D personnel

R&D forecast

  • In October of each year, Belgium has to make forecasts for the coming year. This is a requirement of the European regulations. These figures are replaced by the final data at the moment the survey data are finalized and approved.
  • A background document on the applied methodology in French and in Dutch can be downloaded by clicking on the links below: